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葡萄糖转运蛋白1基因转染对系膜细胞功能的影响

来源:论文汇编 作者:自动采集 2005-1-1
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摘要: 摘要:目的通过建立葡萄糖转运蛋白1(GLUT1)的基因转染系统,观察GLUT1的过度表达对系膜细胞功能的影响。方法利用逆转录病毒载体建立CLUT1基因转染的大鼠系膜细胞(MCGT1),以β-半乳糖苷酶转染细胞(MCLacZ)为对照。用2-脱氧-3H-萄萄糖(2-DG)测定细胞葡萄糖摄入,流式细胞仪分析细胞表型,3H-脯氨酸掺入和流式细胞仪分别检......



  摘 要:目的通过建立葡萄糖转运蛋白1(GLUT1)的基因转染系统,观察GLUT1的过度表达对系膜细胞功能的影响。方法利用逆转录病毒载体建立CLUT1基因转染的大鼠系膜细胞(MCGT1),以β-半乳糖苷酶转染细胞(MCLacZ)为对照。用2-脱氧-3H-萄萄糖(2-DG)测定细胞葡萄糖摄入,流式细胞仪分析细胞表型,3H-脯氨酸掺入和流式细胞仪分别检测细胞胶原和纤维连接蛋白(FN)的合成,逆转录-聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)检测细胞胶原Ⅳ、FN的表达。结果MCGT1的2-DG摄入率明显高于MCLacZ[(741.0±60.5)dpm·μgprot-1比(92.2±9.0)dpm·μgprot-1,P<0.01]。动力学分析发现MCGT1的Vmax是MCLacZ的3.7倍,而两者Km值无明显差别。在相同的葡萄糖浓度下,MCGT1的乳酸生成增多,表现出细胞体积增大、RNA/DNA和蛋白质/DNA比值增高等细胞肥大表型。与对照相比,MCGT1的胶原和FN合成与表达明显增加。结论GLUT1的过度表达使系膜细胞具有糖尿病肾病(DN)的细胞表型。GLUT1的功能状态直接影响系膜细胞的糖代谢及功能变化。

  Functional alteration of mesangial cell transduced with glucose transpoter 1 gene

  LI Yingjian ,LIU Zhihong ,LIU Dong,et al.

  (Department of Nephrology,Research Institute of Nephropathy,Jinling Hospital,School of Medicine,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210002,China)

  Abstract:Objective To investigate the effects of glucose transporter 1(GLUT1) gene overexpression on mesangial cells.Methods Rat mesangial cells were transduced with the human GLUT1 gene (MCGT1) by retrovirus vector.Mesangial cells transduced with bacterial [β-glaetosidase (MCLacZ) were used as control.Glucose uptake was detected by 2-deoxyglucose(2-DG).Lactate was measured with a spectrophotometry method.Cell volmne、RNA/DNA ratio and protein/DNA ratio were evaluated by flow cytometry analysis.The syntheses of collagen and fibronectin were measured by 3 H-proline incorporation and flow cytometry.The expression of collagenⅣ、 fibronectin mRNA were analyzed by RT-PCR.Results Northern blot and RT-PCR showed that the exogenous GLUT1 gene was expressed in MCGT1.MCGT1 demonstrated a higher 2-DG uptake than MCLacZ [(741.0±60. 5)dpm·μg prot-1 vs (92.2±9.0)dpm·μg prot-1,P<0. 01].Kinetic analysis revealed a 3.7-fold higher Vmax in MCGT1 vs MCLacZ with no difference in Km values.Lactate release into the media as well as that associated with the cell layer were 2.4,1.9-fold greater,respectively,in MCGT1 than in MCLacZ.MCGT1 showed an increase in cell volume,RNA/DNA ratio and protein/DNA ratio.In addition,MCGT1 exhibited greater synthesis of extracellular matrix than MCLacZ.Conclusions Glucose transport activity is an important modulator of cellular glucose metabolism in mesangial cells.GLUT1 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.

  Keywords:Glucose transport protein;Extracellular matrix;Mesangial cell

  基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(39870288)

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