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关节韧带的结构和功能

来源:解剖科学进展 作者:张长杰 2004-9-30

摘要: 摘要:韧带是一种纤维结缔组织短带,正常韧带内胶原纤维沿长轴以平行方式排列,偏光下表现波浪状的排列方式。韧带有机械感受器,传递本体感受至神经中枢。韧带具有时间和历史依赖性的粘弹性特性。韧带起着引导关节面的正常运动,限制过度运动的作用。...


  摘 要:韧带是一种纤维结缔组织短带,正常韧带内胶原纤维沿长轴以平行方式排列,偏光下表现波浪状的排列方式。韧带有机械感受器,传递本体感受至神经中枢。韧带具有时间和历史依赖性的粘弹性特性。对负荷也显示出非线性机械行为。韧带起着引导关节面的正常运动,限制过度运动的作用。另外,韧带还在保持关节面的生理压力和免疫防卫方面起着作用。参考文献:

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